Oumuamua alien spacecraft or asteroids? (Oumuamua: Asteroid, comet or alienspaceship?)

Context
Astronomers operating on ‘Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System’ (Pan-STARRS) tool 1 in Maui, Hawaii, on October 19, 2017, came out of the constellation 32 miles in the distance from the constellation Lira to some unknown destination I saw an unusual body.
Important point
  • The glow of this body changes dramatically at a gap of 7 to 8 hours. This body of cigar size is 800 meters long and 80 meters wide. This is the first interstellar object seen in the solar system.
  • Scientists named it ‘Oumuamua’ or ‘Scout’ (penetrating) or ‘messenger sent from far away’.
Chance of being asteroids
  • Initially, scientists thought Oumuamu as a comet, but later this concept was rejected by the absence of the original properties of the comet (the dust and gas cover or tail around the core).
  • According to the astrophysists detecting owumuya with the help of Tool 1 of ‘Panoramic Survey TeleScope and Rapid Response System’ (Pan-STARRS), it corresponds with some of the known planets already known on the basis of color and superficial properties.
  • It is possible that it is related to the Veera star of Lira, which is known for such debris. However, this possibility can not be denied that Oumuamu has been turning round the orbit of the galaxy for billions of years.
Likely to be a comet
  • In June 2018, European Space Agency professor Marco Micheli expressed the possibility of Oumoumu’s comet, and under it proposed a new way to detect the comet.
  • In January 2018, the Hubble Space Telescope found that its speed has increased by 40 thousand kilometers and is far ahead of its projected trajectory.
  • According to Dr. Micheli, the absence of any force other than the gravitational force charged by the Sun and other planets can only affect its acceleration.
  • It is possible that this acceleration is due to the shock caused by the evaporation of the volatile substances or gases as in comet’s condition.
Alien spacecraft
  • In a letter approved to be published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Abraham Loeb and his associate Shmuel Billy have given this argument (in the interpretation of increasing acceleration) that OumuMua can be a fully operated spacecraft, deliberately an alien civilization Have been sent around the Earth
  • However the possibility of OumuMua’s alien spacecraft has been rejected by Astronomers of Tool 1 of Panoramic Survey TeleScope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS). According to astronomers, observation shows that it is completely a natural body.

Indian economy

Young people unaware of skill development plans (youth unaware of skill development programs)

Context

Recently, Observer Research Foundation and World Economic Forum (ORF-WEF) conducted a study called Young ‘India and Work’. According to this, 70 per cent of India’s youth are unaware of the skill development schemes being run by the government. However, over 70 per cent of the youth are deeply interested in training skill.

Important point

  • In this study, about 6,000 youths of 15 to 30 years of age were surveyed to find youths’ employment and their aspiration for employment.
  • Nearly three-fourths of the youth have never enrolled in skill development programs.
  • Every third young man of each group has been told to have obstacles like lack of financial and time constraints in terms of less participation in training.
  • According to this study, about three-fourths of women of 26 to 30 years are unaware of the skill schemes being run by the government.
  • This study highlights the lack of engagement between the youth and the government as well as the lack of engagement between the youth and the industry.
  • 60 percent of the youth say that engagement between industry and youth can be increased by government actions and policy making.
  • From the findings of the study, it is known that the growth of those industrial areas is very low, on which the youths tend to be the most inclined.
  • IT, communications and telecommunications sectors have emerged as the largest employers of the youth.
  • About 30 percent of the youth said that they are not satisfied with their work and there are some young people who are slightly satisfied about their work.
  • More than half of the youth give priority to government sector jobs, while 23 per cent of them prefer priority to private sector jobs.
World Economic Forum
  • The World Economic Forum is an international institution for public-private cooperation, aimed at working as a platform for leading people of the world, leading international politics, academics, intellectuals and other leading sectors.
  • It is a non-profit organization based in Switzerland and headquartered in Geneva.
  • This forum was founded in 1971 by Professor Claus M. Schwab, professor of Geneva University, under the name of European management.
  • Membership of this institution is held at many levels and these levels depend on their involvement in the work of the organization. Through this discussion is organized on important economic and social issues present before the world.
  • This is the most talked about and important event of this forum which is the winter meeting, apart from other leaders, the Prime Minister of India also addressed.

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